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haitimap

Capital and largest city Port-au-Prince
18°32′N 72°20′W

Official languages
French
Haitian Kreyol

Ethnic groups ([2])
95% black
5% mulatto / white

Demonym Haitian

Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
– President Michel Martelly
– Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe

Legislature Parliament
– Upper house Senate
– Lower house Chamber of Deputies

Formation
– French colony
(Treaty of Ryswick) 30 October 1697
– Independence declared 1 January 1804
– Recognized by France 17 April 1825

Area
– Total 27,750 km2 (140th)
10,714 sq mi
– Water (%) 0.7

Population
– 2011 estimate 9,719,932[2]
(87th)
– Density 350.27/km2
907.22/sq mi

GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $12.365 billion[3]
– Per capita $1,235[3]

GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $7.388 billion[3]
– Per capita $738[3]

Gini (2001) 59.2[4] (medium)

HDI (2010) Decrease 0.404[5] (low / 145th)

Currency Gourde (HTG)

Time zone EST (UTC−5)
– Summer (DST) (UTC−4)

Drives on the right

Calling code +509

ISO 3166 code HT

Internet TLD .ht